On 20 December 2019, after the Conservatives won the 2019 British general election, the House of Commons passed second reading of the withdrawal agreement with a 358-234 lead. Following the amendments proposed by the House of Lords and the ping-pong between the two houses, the bill was granted royal approval on 23 January 2020, allowing ratification on the British side.  On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement, the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  Ministers argue that legislation is needed to prevent “damaging” tariffs on goods travelling from the rest of the UK to Northern Ireland if negotiations with the EU on a free trade agreement fail. The WAB agrees to withdraw Boris Johnson, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.
 The bill contains the words “despite everything” – which actually means that this legislation sets aside a law that we have already passed. The Democratic Unionist Party, which insisted that the withdrawal agreement be amended, said the bill was a “step forward” but that the government must ensure that Northern Ireland is not “held in a state aid jacket, unlike the rest of the UK.” “This bill is an attack on democracy and an affront to the people of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland,” he added. After the WAB becomes law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. Under the UK`s withdrawal agreement, Northern Ireland will remain in the EU`s internal goods market to avoid a hard border with the Republic of Ireland. “In other words, the government still wants to change the agreement it has already reached with the EU, the agreement that has already been enshrined in law. Whatever you think, asking for additional permission from Members does not mean that ministers have retreated to the general principle that has triggered such indignation. Former Prime Minister Sir John Major said: “For generations, Britain`s word – solemnly given – has been accepted by friend and foe. Our signature on every contract or agreement was untouchable. Cabinet Minister Michael Gove will hold emergency talks in London on Thursday with EU Commissioner Maros Sefcovic to discuss the content of the law. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies.
The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   The agreement was revised as part of the renegotiation of the